Part 2 - Martha Vogel Arrives (1914) and She and Her Brother Move to Springfield, Massachusetts
On August 8, 1914, Richard Vogel’s sister Martha arrived in the U.S. at the port of Boston aboard the S.S. Cincinnati. She had sailed from the German port of Cuxhaven on July 29, with the passage paid for by her brother. According to the passenger manifest, her occupation was servant, she was 5’ 3” tall, and had light hair and brown eyes. She joined Richard and Lena in Bellows Falls.
S.S. Cincinnati after it was renamed U.S.S. Covington
In 1915, Richard, Lena, and Martha moved south along the Connecticut River to the industrial city of Springfield in central Massachusetts. Richard was apparently drawn there by the presence of the Bosch Magneto Company manufacturing plant. Bosch was a German firm that had developed a magneto ignition device with a spark plug. Sales of magneto ignition devices on the American market rocketed in the early twentieth century as the automotive industry grew rapidly. Originally Bosch made their ignition devices in Germany and imported them into the United States. In 1910, punitive U.S. customs tariffs on imported products prompted Bosch to open an American production facility in Springfield. This plant undoubtedly drew many German immigrants to the city. Richard Vogel began working at Bosch in 1915, was listed as a tinsmith in 1917, and later became a foreman there. He remained at the Springfield Bosch plant for the rest of his life.
In about 1916, Martha Vogel married German immigrant Paul Menge. Menge had been born in Berlin, Germany and arrived in Boston on the S.S. Amerika on July 24, 1914. He worked at the Bosch plant like Richard Vogel. In 1917 Menge was a tool maker and in 1930 he was a machine tender. Karl G. Vogel (later known as Charles G. Vogel), who emigrated from Germany in 1913 with his wife and daughter, lived in West Springfield and worked as a machinist at Bosch. No evidence has been discovered yet to tie him to Richard and Martha, but his arrival in the same era and work for the same employer make a connection possible.
Many relatives of Richard and Martha remained in Germany. They undoubtedly tried to keep up contact, although this would have been very difficult, if not impossible, while Germany and the United States were at war in 1917 and 1918. The Bosch plant in Springfield stayed open during World War I, but the American government expropriated it and sold it to an American investment group.
On June 22, 1921, Richard Vogel, his wife Lena, and daughter Mildred entered the circuit court at Springfield and completed the process of becoming naturalized U.S. citizens. The Menges soon did the same.
Martha Vogel listing, S.S. Cincinnati Passenger List, August 8, 1914 (Page 1) (Page2), Ship Passenger Lists for the Port of Boston, Record Group 85 – Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, National Archives and Records Administration.
Richard Vogel’s passport application, July 23, 1921, Record Group 59 – Records of the Department of State, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC
Richard Vogel’s draft registration card and Paul Menge’s draft registration card and Karl Vogel’s draft registration card, Record Group 163 – Records of the Selective Service System (World War I), National Archives and Records Administration.
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