Part 3 - Max Weinmann Arrives in Springfield (1924) and Later Moves to Detroit, Michigan
The 1920s were a time when the U.S. economy was booming, benefiting most of her citizens. Germany, however, was economically devastated after its draining defeat in World War I. As the government printed additional money to deal with other aspects of the economic crisis the country was soon in the grips of super inflation.
Richard Vogel took his wife and daughter back to Germany to visit in 1922. During this trip they undoubtedly invited some of their relatives to join them in America. After returning to the United States they probably continued to offer such encouragement by mail. One family that listened closely was that of Richard’s sister Ida and her husband Andreas Weinmann from Wolfen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Germany. Andreas and Ida had lived at Plauen early in their marriage and some or all of their children were born there. In 1906, Andreas was appointed to a diplomatic post in Brazil and moved his family there. The children spent most of their childhood in Brazil, but the family moved back to Germany just before the outbreak of World War I. They settled in Wolfen, a town closer to Leipzig and quite a bit further north than Plauen.
Standing: Max, Johanna, Anna, and Andreas Weinmann
Seated: Ida and Andreas Weinmann
Just a little over a year and half after Richard Vogel and family returned to Springfield from their visit to Germany, his 19 year-old nephew Max Weinmann boarded the S.S. Bremen of the North German Lloyd shipping line at Bremen, Germany and sailed for New York. According to the manifest his passage had been paid by his uncle, he had a ticket from New York to his final destination, and he had $25 in his possession. Max spent the entire holiday season on board ship, leaving Germany on December 19, 1923 and arriving in New York on January 1, 1924. The manifest listed him as an electrician and described him as 5’6” tall, of fair complexion, with blue eyes and brown hair. After being approved for admission to the U.S. at Ellis Island, Max proceeded to his uncle’s house at 773 Amory Street in Springfield.
Three months later, on April 1, Max went to the Hampden County Superior Court in Springfield and declared his intention to become a citizen of the United States. He remained in Springfield for about a year and a half and met his first wife Anna Kraniedou there. Anna had been born in Constantinople, Turkey of Greek heritage and arrived in the United States on October 7, 1920 on the ship Gul Djewal. She came to Springfield where her uncle and aunt John and Theona Bodos had settled earlier that year. Anna is described as 5'5" with brown hair and eyes.
Max and Anna married on July 26, 1925, at Thompsonville, Hartford County, Connecticut (less than ten miles south of Springfield). Strangely enough, one record gives their date of arrival in Detroit, Michigan as July 26, 1925. One of these records is apparently wrong, but Max and Anna probably moved soon after they married.
As for a reason for the move to Detroit, it is possible that Max's uncles Richard Vogel and Paul Menge knew people in Detroit through their work in the automotive parts industry. Max and Anna lived on the east side of Detroit and Max worked initially as an automobile worker. Possibly he worked at the old Chrysler Jefferson Avenue plant, which was not too far from his residence at 1261 Glover Avenue.
Max's marriage to Anna did not last. He filed for divorce on July 30, 1927, but she contested the case so the decree was not granted until August 7, 1928. He agreed to pay alimony to support Anna and their 21 month old daughter Dorothy.
Richard Vogel’s passport application, July 23, 1921, Record Group 59 – Records of the Department of State, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC.
Anna Kraniedou listing, Gul Djewal Passenger List, October 7, 1920. Ship Passenger Lists for the Port of New York.
Petition for Naturalization No. 42049, Records of the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan, Record Group 21, National Archives and Records Administration Regional Archives, Chicago, IL.
Michigan Divorce Records on Ancestry.com
R.L. Polk & Company. Detroit City Directory, 1925/1926 and 1926/1927.
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